Arizona Board of Nursing Edition 30 : Page 17

that employers are seeking experienced nurses (endorsement nurses) rather than the more readily supplied new graduates. Therefore there is an imbalance between employer expectations and preferences (experienced nurses) and available nurses (non-experienced nurses). A more complex factor that cannot be fully accounted for is that nearly all newly licensed nurses are seeking full-time positions, however many retiring nurses are retiring from part time positions. However, these data are consistent with new graduate employment experiences in Arizona. Results--2013 In an effort to understand employment of newly licensed RNs in Arizona and provide longitudinal comparison data, the Arizona State Board of Nursing surveyed all persons licensed by exam (e.g. new graduates) in Arizona between October 1, 2012 and September 30, 2013. Electronic mail surveys were sent on October 7, 2013 to 2605 RNs with e-mail addresses who were initially licensed October 1, 2012-Sept. 30, 2013. Of that total, 165 surveys were returned undeliverable resulting in a surveyed population of 2,437 RNs. There were a total of 709 respondents yielding a response rate of 29%. Of those responding, 83% indicated they were practicing as an RN and 17% indicated they were not currently practicing as an RN. This represents a slightly better employment outlook for newly licensed nurses when compared to previous years. Length of Licensure Length of licensure was different between the practicing and non-practicing groups with 85% of the non-practicing nurses licensed less than 6 months, versus 56% of practicing nurses. This result is quite different from previous years where THE MAJORITY OF PRACTICING NURSES WERE licensed 6 months or greater. The chart below illustrates differences between practicing and non-practicing RNs over length of licensure. The most common length of licensure (43%) for practicing nurses was 3-6 months, compared to 9-12 months 2011 and 2012 and 1-3 months (30%) in 2010. Factors that influenced choice of employment Respondents were then asked to check the top 3 reasons for choosing their CURRENT PRACTICE SETTING&#0e; 4HE MAJORITY (52%) choose type of unit. The second most frequently cited factor was location of the worksite (41%). Five responses were chosen by 33-35 percent of respondents: salary (35.1%), hours (35%), availability of openings (34%) and staff attitudes (33%). Table 1, below, provides a list of the responses and the percent who identified the item as one of the top three factors in choosing employment. Workplace Factors most Important to newly licensed RNs Type of unit Location of worksite Salary Hours Benefits Availability of openings Staff Attitudes Mentorship program Educational opportunities Evidence-based institution Previous Employer Magnet Status Clinical ladder Percent 52% 41% 35.1% 35% 34% 34% 33% 25% 25% 13% 12% 10% 7% Type of Nursing Program There were few differences between practicing and non-practicing RNs based on educational preparation in 2013. Thirty-nine percent of practicing nurses held BSN or higher degrees compared to 38 percent of non-practicing nurses, indicating little preference among all employers for BSN or higher prepared nurses. Residency Experience Newly licensed employed nurses were asked about whether their employers offered a residency experience to help them transition into practice. For the first time since this survey began in 2010, over Employed RNs half the respondents (53%) reported that For the first time, newly licensed nurses their employer offered such a program. WERE ASKED ABOUT JOB SATISFACTION&#0e; 4HE Ninety-four percent of those whose MAJORITY OF RESPONDENTS 
 REPORTED employer offered a residency program being highly satisfied, with 33% reporting worked in acute care settings; 2% mild to moderate satisfaction. Only 6% of worked in long-term care. For acute newly licensed nurses reported any level care nurses, the most common length of dissatisfaction, with 2% being highly of the residency program was 2-3 dissatisfied. months (36%). However 20% reported a residency program of greater than 6 months, nearly the same as 2012 (22%). Six percent reported less than a month. For those nurses working in non-acute care settings, the length of residency was shorter with 54% reporting less than a month. Only arizona STATE BOARD OF NURSING REGULATORY JOURNAL 17

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